Senator Ted Cruz was born in Calgary, Alberta, on Dec. 22, 1970, to his Delaware-born mother Eleanor Darragh and Cuban-born father. If Darragh was an American, then under American law, Cruz was an American at birth.
But Alan Grayson challenged the premise that Darragh was an American when Cruz was born.
"Cruz’s father says that Cruz’s mother became a naturalized Canadian citizen," Grayson said through his spokesman Kevin Franck.
Grayson argues that under the U.S. Immigration and Nationality Act, there are two ways to lose your citizenship. You can become a naturalized citizen in another country or declare your allegiance to another nation.
"IF Cruz’s mother did either of these two things before his birth, then she lost her nationality, and Cruz could not rely upon her nationality to claim U.S. citizenship," Grayson said.
When Grayson was asked to document that Darragh became a naturalized Canadian, he pointed to a Web page that quotes an interview Cruz’s father gave to NPR. While Cruz’s father said he became a Canadian citizen, nowhere does he say that Ted's mother Eleanor Darragh also became one, much less that she did so before Cruz’s birth.
Alan further had wondered how Ted's mother who lived and worked in Canada for five years or so could have done so on merely a visa.
Actually, Canadian law at that time required Canadian residency for five years for naturalized citizenship of Eleanor who herself was born in America, but Eleanor Darragh (previously married with a last name of 'Wilson') was only in Canada for three years before Ted's Canadian birth.
Those at the Cruz campaign were asked to provide proof that Eleanor Darragh remained an American citizen throughout her time in Canada, such as a residency document that she would need only if she were not a Canadian, but Canadian privacy laws hamper such investigation.
IF she had taken the Canadian oath, her American citizenship MIGHT have been at risk.
In a pivotal 1967 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the case of Afroyim vs. Rusk that a person only loses their citizenship if they specifically intend to give it up, and indicate so with documented proof. Taking an oath of citizenship elsewhere doesn't qualify - unless it comes to Canada:
In 1970, the Canadian oath had this strong language:
"I hereby renounce all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign sovereign or state of whom or which I may at this time be a subject or citizen."
A 1973 case in Canada led the country to drop that line. But until then, the original oath had the potential to impact Americans who acquired Canadian citizenship.
"If someone took the old form of the Canadian oath of naturalization prior to April 3, 1973, which included the renunciatory language, it is much easier for the U.S. government to prove that they committed the expatriating act with the intention of renouncing their U.S. citizenship."
It is up to the U.S. government to press the point.
A 1980 Supreme Court ruling (Vance vs. Terrazas), and amendments to the Immigration and Nationality Act in 1986 declared that non-documented intent could not be assumed. The ruling and the law put the onus squarely on the government to prove that the person truly intended to renounce his or her citizenship.
In the estimation of American government, taking an oath elsewhere, especially one which had the strong language the Canadian one had, or taking an oath in a hostile-against-America country barred from reciprocal trade, might indeed cost one their American citizenship.
When Cruz was about four, his parents moved to Texas. Technically, Cruz was a dual-national, but to put the issue to rest, he formally renounced any claim to Canadian citizenship in May 2014. Some legal opinionators contend a "natural born citizen" means someone is a citizen from birth in the geographic location where he or she was born, whether or not they go through a naturalization process to become a citizen. Cruz has said that he never went through that process.
The Congressional Research Service, the agency tasked with providing authoritative research to all members of Congress, published a report after the 2008 election supporting the thinking that "natural born" citizenship means citizenship held "at birth."
In general, a child born with at least one American parent can claim citizenship regardless of where the birth took place. Grayson questions this, but that challenge has been rebuffed before. Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., faced questions about his eligibility because he was born on the territory of a U.S. military base in the foreign-territory Panama Canal Zone while his father was stationed there.
Such is not the case with Barack Hussein Obama, born not in Hawaii (as vehemently-persistent, deceptively-lying-and-dishonest, "conspiracy-purporting," anti-birther media subversives [and Obama himself] erroneously claims...citing the fabrication of two fraudulently-photoshopped "hawaiian birth certificates") but instead verifiably born on the foreign soil of Mombasa Kenya in Coast Province General Hospital which in no was was the territory of a U.S. military base at the time. Two different Hawaiian hospitals have been claimed as the birthplace of Barack Obama, but none has produced any verifiable nor valid documentation.
Obama Jr was conceived by a Kenyan father [Obama Sr.] while Obama Sr. was a foreign-national student in Hawaii, there impregnating Barack's non-marriage-licensed mother Ann Durham but never having lived with her in Hawaii, after which Ann Durham quietly flew to Mombasa for a family reunion where she birthed Barack Hussein Obama there in Coast Province General Hospital, then promptly flew to Seattle for additional short-term additional schooling there, and finally returned to Hawaii where Barack Obama himself underwent schooling.
Barack's father returned to Kenya and tragically died there, but Barack's mother Ann Durham claimed remarriage to an Indonesian stepfather who took Obama back to Indonesia, and Obama became an Indonesian citizen, probably using foreign Indonesian credentials to apply to Occidental College, then going on to Columbia University (at which no professor nor student there at the time remembers there ever being a Barack Obama present).
Obama’s own literary agent, in 1991, produced a promotional booklet describing Obama as born in Kenya and raised in Indonesia and Hawaii.
The Supreme Court has never ruled in the subject of Ted's citizenship, and until they do, the actual citizenship of Ted Cruz is an open question.
Perhaps the Court would dismiss the case, considering it a political matter over which they have no jurisdiction.
Though Grayson alleges that Cruz’s mother had lost her American citizenship while in Canada, Grayson provided no proof that Cruz’s mother had become a Canadian citizen. That obviously does NOT mean that adequate and sufficient proof does not exist anywhere.
Concerning, not regarding, Hillary Clinton and Carly Fiorina....
The 'war on men' [NOT so-called "war on women"] involving sexual harassment can occur even with non-solicited then non-desired exposure of a non-married woman's face and voice to men not presently married to them....but in stark contrast, much desired instead by a man for the face and voice of his bride (in marriage):
Song 2:14 Oh my dove, in the clefts of the rock [not in general public view!], in the covert of the cliff, let me see your face, let me hear your voice, for YOUR voice is sweet, and YOUR face is attractive.
Proverbs 5:15 Drink water from your own cistern, flowing water from your own well.
16 Should your springs be scattered abroad, streams of water in the streets?
17 Let them be for yourself ALONE (NO sharing!), and not for strangers with you.
18 Let your fountain be blessed, and rejoice in the wife of your youth,
19 a lovely deer, a graceful doe. Let her breasts fill you at all times with delight, be infatuated always with her love.
20 Why should you be infatuated, my son, with a loose [long-haired-exhibitionist] woman and embrace the bosom of an adventuress?
21 For a man's ways are before the eyes of the LORD, and he watches all his paths.
22 The iniquities of the wicked ensnare him, and he is caught in the labor of his sin.
23 He dies for lack of discipline, and because of his great foolishness he is lost.
Song 2:15 Catch us the [roam-around-mopheaded-exhibitionist] foxes, the little [public-exhibitionist] foxes, [who] spoil the [sexual-body-resources] vineyards, for our vineyards are in [past-puberty/sexually-mature] blossom."
It gets even more graphic Scripturally as to what a man finds erotically compelling pertaining to his own wife or concubines, as opposed to what is forced upon his eyesight by the publicly-immodest/indecent licentious and lascivious:
Song 7:1 How graceful are YOUR footsteps in sandals, royal maiden! YOUR rounded thighs are like jewels, the work of a master hand.
2 YOUR navel is a rounded bowl that never lacks mixed wine. YOUR belly is a heap of wheat, encircled with lilies.
3 YOUR two breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle.
4 YOUR neck is like an ivory tower. YOUR eyes are pools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim. YOUR nose is like a tower of Lebanon, overlooking Damascus.
5 YOUR head crowns you like Carmel, and YOUR flowing locks (i.e. loose long hair) are like purple; a king is held captive in the tresses.
6 How fair and pleasant YOU are, loved one, delectable maiden!
7 YOU are stately as a palm tree, and YOUR breasts are like its clusters.
8 I say I will climb the palm tree and lay hold of its branches. Oh, may YOUR breasts be like clusters of the vine, and the scent of YOUR breath like apples,
9 and YOUR kisses like the best wine that goes down smoothly, gliding over lips and teeth of sleepers.
10 I am my beloved's, and his desire is for me.
11 Come, MY beloved, let us go forth into the fields, and lodge in the villages;
12 let us go out early to the vineyards, and see whether the vines have budded, whether the grape blossoms have opened and the pomegranates are in bloom. There I will give YOU my love.
13 The mandrakes give forth fragrance, and over OUR doors are all choice fruits, new as well as old, which I have laid up for YOU, MY beloved.
....with a warning given to immodest and indecently-exposed outsiders not married to him:
Proverbs 7:10 And wow, a woman meets him, misdressed as a harlot, wily of heart.
11 She is loud and wayward, her [chauvenistically-competitive-against-businessmen] feet [non-domestically] do not stay at home;
25 Let not your heart turn aside to her ways, do not stray into her paths;
26 for many a victim has she laid low; yes, all her slain are a mighty host.
27 Her house is the way to Sheol, going down to the chambers of death.
Song 2:7 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or the hinds of the field, that you [by not flaunting yourself in show-off-exhibitionist public immodesty] stir not up nor awaken love until it please.
Song 3:5 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or the hinds of the field, that you [by not posing for internet porn pix and vids] stir not up nor awaken love until it please.
Song 8:4 I adjure you, daughters of Jerusalem, that you stir not up nor awaken love until it please [by not being irresponsibly immodest 24/7 at any time of the year, especially during warm weather and for sports].
Jealous and retributionary retaliation for ignoring or disregarding and disobeying the above swimsuit/bikini-like/etc. description can be lethal, whether the infraction concerns illicit mopheadedness:
Numbers 5:18 (RSV/NASV) And the priest shall set the woman before the LORD, and:
and place in her hands the cereal offering of remembrance, which is the cereal offering of jealousy. And in his hand the priest shall have the water of bitterness that brings the curse.
Deuteronomy 32:42 (RSV) I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh -- with the blood of the slain and the captives, from:
First Corinthians 11:13 Judge for yourselves; is it proper for a woman to pray to God with her head uncovered?
14 Does not nature itself teach you that for a man to wear long hair is degrading to him,
15 but if a woman has long hair, it is her pride? For her hair is given to her for a covering.
16 If any one is inclined to be contentious, we recognize no such custom....
The immodestly-mopheaded misbehavior of the many damned-to-become who do NOT repent by keeping their long hair tied in a back-of-head ponytail when in general public view (or tied up in a chignon, or completely covered with a shawl) will worsen, with defiantly-relentless other immodesties (even when they have been presented with the modest Truth). Despising correction with increasingly-activist boldness and impudence, their lovelessness and hostility will intensify, as will their increasingly-belligerant questioning against God's plain Word throughout Scripture. They will not want to associate with those who hold everything in the Bible as true. And that is only for starters. They will not apologize either to God nor His religious right for their arrogantly-lurid-and-lewd mopheadedness and worse in hatefully-malicious hostilities and rebelliously-scornful antagonism against them.